„Am I a politics person?“ A Qualitative Study of Students`perspectives on Mock Elections as Political Education


  • Julie Ane Odegaard Borge Rafto Foundation for Human Rights /University of Bergen




Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine mock elections as political education in school, taking the Norwegian case as an empirical example.

Methodology: This study’s qualitative content analysis is based on data collected through fieldwork in five upper secondary schools in the Western region of Norway, through observations and in 18 ordinary language interviews with 18-year-old students in the 3rd grade.

Findings and implications: In the mock elections at Norwegian schools, the students meet and interact with three different identities of political participation:  ‘the politician’, ‘the party member’ and ‘the voter’. How do the students use the mock election (ME) to shape their conceptions of their political selves? The interview data shows that the students who are active members of political parties accept the three analytical categories of political identities, and the students who are not members of political parties, reject ‘the politician’, but accept ‘the party member’ as part of their peer group. Finally, the MEs simulate an ordinary election and offer a norm of voting which the students accept as a school assignment. The students vote in the mock election because they are told to do so and generally do not view voting in the mock elections as a way of expressing the voice of their generation.

Author Biography

Julie Ane Odegaard Borge, Rafto Foundation for Human Rights /University of Bergen

Julie A. Odegaard Borge holds a PhD in political education from the Department of comparative politics at the University of Bergen. She is currently working at the Rafto Foundation for Human Rights in Bergen where she continues to conduct research on topics relating to the teaching and learning of democracy and political participation among youth.


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