Iranian EFL Teachers’ Voices on the Pedagogy of Word and World


  • Parvin Safari Ph.D. Candidate of TEFL, Shiraz University
  • Nasser Rashidi Department of Foreign Languages & Linguistics; Shiraz University



Critical pedagogy (CP) with the eventual aim of creating changes in society towards the socially just world rests upon the premise that language learning is understood as a sociopolitical event. Schools and classrooms are not merely seen as the neutral and apolitical sites or oxymoron of transmitting taken-for-granted knowledge and common sense to students but rather as the political and democratic sites in which teachers, through praxis-oriented activities, furnish opportunities for students to critically question oppressive systems, hierarchies, and sociopolitical inequalities. Through the connection of word to the world, or the relationship between classroom learning and students’ lived experiences and worlds, teachers can create social transformation and empowerment in the marginalized students’ lives. However, teachers as the transformative intellectuals can facilitate this transformative process only if they are equipped with the critical theories, theoretical underpinnings and practical implications of CP. A brief look at the CP literature reveals that most of the researches center on its theories and conceptual dimensions without presenting any pragmatic discourse or practical realizations to critical pedagogues. In fact, this study intends to investigate the problems, concerns, and frustrations that Iranian EFL teachers encounter while enacting this alternative pedagogy. So, the researchers adopted purposive sampling to choose thirty-four EFL teachers from private English language institutes in Tehran, Yazd and Shiraz, Iran; and focused interview as the appropriate data gathering instrument of qualitative research. Finally, the researchers unearthed the relevant themes concerning the practical dimensions as the supplementary components of CP in EFL context of Iran.

Author Biographies

Parvin Safari, Ph.D. Candidate of TEFL, Shiraz University

My areas of interest include Critical Pedagogy, Critical Language Testing, Ecological Language Learning, Semiotics and the Philosophy of Language, Teacher Education, and Discourse Analysis.

Nasser Rashidi, Department of Foreign Languages & Linguistics; Shiraz University

Nasser Rashidi is an Associate Professor of TEFL and the faculty member of Shiraz University. He has presented and published many papers in different (inter)national conferences and reputable journals. His areas of interest include the philosophy of language learning, critical pedagogy, critical discourse analysis, and teacher education.


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How to Cite

Safari, P., & Rashidi, N. (2016). Iranian EFL Teachers’ Voices on the Pedagogy of Word and World. JSSE - Journal of Social Science Education, 14(4), 39–52.