Taking the “terror” out of “terrorism”: The promise and potential of fear reducing education

Authors

  • Martin M. Sjøen University of Bergen

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11576/jsse-5360

Keywords:

Trust, terrorism, fear reduction, democratic resilience

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore how education can help students develop democratic resilience as a bulwark against terror-induced fear, securitization, and possibly even extremism itself.

Approach: This article presents findings from a qualitative study exploring security governance in Norwegian secondary schools. The empirical corpus draws on 16 semi-structured interviews with educators to explore their perspectives on security governance in schools.

Findings: The securitization of education risks normalizing fear culture in schools. Trust can likely be used to prevent or reduce the emergence of such fear. This study explores educational narratives by analyzing how a combination of cognitive trust and emotional trust may help students to build democratic resilience against terror-induced fear. In this context, helping students develop more sophisticated understandings of the social world and ensuring trustful relationships is a promising peacebuilding and potentially de-securitizing approach to explore in education.

Author Biography

Martin M. Sjøen, University of Bergen

Martin Sjøen is an associate professor at the University of Bergen and at the University of Science and Technology in Norway. His research focuses on peace research, security studies and educational research. E-mail: martin.sjoen@uib.no.  

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Further information

Published

2023-04-11

How to Cite

Sjøen, M. M. (2023). Taking the “terror” out of “terrorism”: The promise and potential of fear reducing education. JSSE - Journal of Social Science Education, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.11576/jsse-5360

Issue

Section

Special Topic Articles