The Case of Cyprus and Germany. Results of the IEA Civic Education Study

  • Constantinos Papanastasiou
  • Mary Koutselini
  • Elena Papanastasiou


This paper explores how democratic values are stimulated by predictors related to family and school. We began by posing a simple question: How can we best explain students' democratic values in relation to their home backgrounds, school-class climate, political environment, political interest and participation of students in social activities? To answer this, we chose to elaborate on a model comparing various background factors. Both models (cf. figures 2 and 3) seem to indicate that school climate has a huge effect on political environment and political interest. Here, political environment has a stronger effect on social participation than political interest. Although Germany and Cyprus have many differences, the actual models for both countries are almost identical.