Assessing two Theoretical Frameworks of Civic Engagement

  • Benilde García-Cabrero Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico
  • María Guadalupe Pérez-Martínez Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes
  • Andrés Sandoval-Hernández IEA Data Processing and Research Center
  • Joaquín Caso-Niebla Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
  • Carlos Díaz Universidad Autónoma de Baja California

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to empirically test two major theoretical models: a modified version of the social capital model (Pattie, Seyd and Whiteley, 2003), and the Informed Social Engagement Model (Barr and Selman, 2014; Selman and Kwok, 2010), to explain civic participation and civic knowledge of adolescents from Chile, Colombia and Mexico, using data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2009 (Schulz, et al., 2010). The models were used to identify factors associated with different levels of knowledge and civic participation: expected participation in legal and illegal protests, and electoral participation.

Data were analyzed using regression analysis. Results show that the Informed Social Engagement approach (ISEM), explains better the observed differences in civic knowledge and civic participation, than the Social Capital Model (SCM). That is, the expected values associated with the variables included in the ISEM are closer to the observed values, than those predicted by the SCM. This is true for the three outcomes (expected participation in legal protests, illegal protests, and electoral participation) and in the three countries analyzed (Chile, Colombia and Mexico).

Author Biography

Benilde García-Cabrero, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico

Psychology department

 

Published
2016-03-11